How Recent developments in IP Protection for Biological Materials Impact upon Center Researchers
12 March, CGIAR Master Class, Brad Sherman
Over the last few years, there have a number of important changes in the way that intellectual property law (notably patents) protects biological inventions. In some cases, the law is now more limited, providing less protection. In other areas, however, there has been an expansion of the scope of what is protected. There is also talk (in Europe) of new defences for breeders and farmers in light of these changes. These changes have important ramifications for researchers who work with biological materials in a range of areas from the breeding of new types of plants or animals through to those that work with genetic material. It also is potentially important for third parties (particularly farmers) who make use of the results of this research. The aim of this session was to look at the impact that these changes have for CGIAR centers.
The session began with an overview of existing legal forms of protection in key jurisdictions (at national and international level). It then examined recent changes in the way intellectual property law protects biological inventions, particularly in Europe and the US. It also focussed on the ramifications that these changes have for centers, particularly in light of the IA Principles. It ended by looking at what these changes mean for centers and how the changes might best be managed.